If you or someone close to you is suffering from Asthma, you probably already know that it is a non-curable and chronic lung condition. Good treatment and proper care for those who are suffering from Asthma however can help control the disease to a great extent. Taking an active role in managing asthma will help prevent asthma attacks, also known as flareups or exacerbations, and avoid long term problems. It will also help to prevent troublesome symptoms like coughing and shortness of breath; It will help you maintain good lung function, maintain normal day to day activities and sleep better through the night. More importantly, controlling Asthma during the early stages can prevent the condition from worsening causing fatal asthma attacks.
Taking an active role to control your asthma involves:
- Creating an asthma action plan including medication and emergency plans made in consultation with your doctor.
- Getting help from your doctor to treat conditions that can interfere with your asthma management plan.
- Maintaining a healthy and active lifestyle by talking to your doctor about medicines that can help you stay active without taking a toll on your asthma issues.
- Avoiding environmental factors that can worsen your asthma (asthma triggers).
Some of the common asthma triggers include tobacco smoke, pollution, dust mites, furry pets, droppings of cockroaches, mold etc. These triggers can be avoided if one takes proper measures to stay in a clean, dust-free and smoke-free environment.
Strong emotional states, strenuous physical exercise, some medicines, very low temperatures and thunderstorms, and sometimes even a certain kind of food can trigger an asthma attack. Take note of anything that brings on an asthma attack so that you can avoid it in future.
Doctors may prescribe both long-term and short-term medications based on your specific needs. While long-term medication helps reduce airway inflammation, short-term medication relieves asthma symptoms that may flare up. Ensure you take your medication as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all asthma management plans your doctor may have provided based on your symptoms. Get regular physical checkups, get your lung function checked and get your doctor to check for any new allergies on a regular basis.
Most importantly, remember that only you can help yourself in controlling your asthma. Follow a plan, take proper medication and avoid the triggers and you will be ready to live a strong, healthy lifestyle.